nation and throughout the 19th century remained partitioned by degrees between Prussian, Austrian and Russian. 16 Given that the Second Polish Republic was a multicultural state, 17 German policies and propaganda also sought to create and encourage conflicts between ethnic groups, fueling tension between Poles and Jews, and between Poles and Ukrainians. A b Courtney, Krystyna Kujawinska (2000 "Shakespeare in Poland Shakespeare Around the Globe, Internet Shakespeare Editions, University of Victoria, retrieved a b Salmonowicz 1994,. . 41 A German police memorandum of August 1943 described the situation as follows: Pupils sit crammed together without necessary materials, and often without skilled teaching staff. 113 Warsaw Uprising edit During the Warsaw Uprising (AugustOctober 1944 people in Polish-controlled territory endeavored to recreate the former day-to-day life of their free country. 233 (in Polish) Tajna Organizacja Nauczycielska in wiem Encyklopedia. 11 a b c d Raack 1995,. . Soon afterward, the Germans set fire to a Jewish synagogue and filmed Polish bystanders, portraying them in propaganda releases as a "vengeful mob." 19 This divisive policy was reflected in the Germans' decision to destroy Polish education, while at the same time, showing relative tolerance. 162163 (in Polish) Kiriczuk, Jurij (2003, April 23). 96 It was perceived as a much more serious issue in the annexed territories, as it hindered the process of Germanization; involvement in the underground education in those territories was much more likely to result in a sentence to a concentration camp. 9 14 The policy was relaxed somewhat in the final years of occupation (194344 in view of German military defeats and the approaching Eastern Front. 23 Over 516,000 individual art pieces were taken, including 2,800 paintings by European painters; 11,000 works by Polish painters; 1,400 sculptures, 75,000 manuscripts, 25,000 maps, and 90,000 books (including over 20,000 printed before 1800 as well as hundreds of thousands of other objects of artistic and historic value. Ze studiów nad typologią portretu renesansowego, in: Rafael i jego spadkobiercy. All institutions of the dismantled Polish state, including the Lwów University, were closed, then reopened, mostly with new Russian directors. 20 As the high-ranking Nazi official Erich Koch explained, "We must do everything possible so that when a Pole meets a Ukrainian, he will be willing to kill the Ukrainian and conversely, the Ukrainian will be willing to kill the Pole." 21 Plunder edit Germans. Books by Tadeusz Borowski, Adolf Rudnicki, Henryk Grynberg, Miron Białoszewski, Hanna Krall and others; films, including those by Andrzej Wajda ( A Generation, Kanał, Ashes and Diamonds, Lotna, A Love in Germany, Korczak, Katyń TV series ( Four Tank Men and a Dog and Stakes.