to Mary are part of Catholic piety but are distinct from the worship of God. 394 395 While welcomed by some, it was criticised by some for perceived ambiguity, provoking controversies among individual representatives of differing perspectives. 350) of Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, the name "Catholic Church" was used to distinguish it from other groups that also called themselves "the church". 223 The pope expressed concern that the warming of the planet is a symptom of a greater problem: the developed world's indifference to the destruction of the planet as humans pursue short-term economic gains. 231 Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo won the same award in 1996 for "work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor". The liturgical assembly derives its unity from the "communion of the Holy Spirit" who gathers the children of God into the one Body of Christ. 142 Sacraments Main article: Sacraments of the Catholic Church Mass at the Grotto at Lourdes, France. 183 Within the general vocation to be a Christian, these two sacraments "consecrate to specific mission or vocation among the people of God. The church eventually became the dominant influence in Western civilisation into the modern age. 309 In the 11th century, the efforts of Hildebrand of Sovana led to the creation of the College of Cardinals to elect new popes, starting with Pope Alexander II in the papal election of 1061. Doctrinally, it reaffirmed central Catholic teachings such as transubstantiation and the requirement for love and hope as well as faith to attain salvation. 235 Chastity in marriage requires in particular conjugal fidelity and protecting the fecundity of marriage. As a result of Islamic domination of the Mediterranean, the Frankish state, centred away from that sea, was able to evolve as the dominant power that shaped the Western Europe of the Middle Ages. 319 In 1438, the Council of Florence convened, which featured a strong dialogue focussed on understanding the theological differences between the East and West, with the hope of reuniting the Catholic and Orthodox churches. 239 240 Divorce and declarations of nullity Main article: Declaration of nullity Further information: Divorce law by country Canon law makes no provision for divorce between baptised individuals, as a valid, consummated sacramental marriage is considered to be a lifelong bond.