government and the KGB who sought to reverse Gorbachev's reforms and reassert the central government's control over the republics. 186 Education Main article: Education in the Soviet Union Anatoly Lunacharsky became the first People's Commissar for Education of Soviet Russia. Scott and Scott (1979). The communist regime targeted religions based on State interests, and while most organized religions were never outlawed, religious property was confiscated, believers were harassed, and religion was ridiculed while atheism was propagated in schools. The Moscow Games might well have been called the Chemists' Games". Clarification needed 160 However, the energy sector faced many difficulties, among them the country's high military expenditure and hostile relations with the First World (pre- Gorbachev era ). Retrieved 1 December 2017 via Google Books. By 1941 only 500 churches remained open out of about 54,000 in existence prior to World War. 140 Overall, between 19, the growth rate of per capita income in the Soviet Union was slightly above the world average (based on 102 countries). 216 The Soviet establishment under General Secretary Nikita Khrushchev 's leadership clashed with the churches in 19581964, a period when atheism was emphasized in the educational curriculum, and numerous eskorte par gratis norsk sex chat state publications promoted atheistic views. 2 Council of People's Commissars decree establishing the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (rsfsr) as a secular state also decreed that "the teaching of religion in all places where subjects of general instruction are taught, is forbidden. During this time, Yeltsin took over what remained of the Soviet government, including the Moscow Kremlin. Archived t the Wayback Machine "Child poverty soars in eastern Europe", BBC News, b c Scheidel, Walter (2017). New York Review of Books, "The Executive of the Presidents Soviet Protocol Committee (Burns) to the President's Special Assistant (Hopkins. "The Soviet Union and the United States Revelations from the Russian Archives Exhibitions Library of Congress". During the 1950s and 1960s, it had comparatively high growth and was catching up to the West. One of the most prominent breakthroughs was the goelro plan, which envisioned a major restructuring of the Soviet economy based on total electrification of the country. All key economic decisions were taken by the political leadership. "Latvia provides no magic solution for indebted economies". The dissolution of the Soviet Union was followed by a severe economic contraction and catastrophic fall in living standards in post-Soviet states 68 including a rapid increase in poverty, crime, 73 74 corruption, 75 76 unemployment, 77 homelessness, 78 79 rates of disease, demographic losses. After the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, the ussr actively supported the Republican forces against the Nationalists, who were supported by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. In August 1991, Latvia and Estonia immediately declared the restoration of their full independence (following Lithuania's 1990 example). Comecon was the Eastern Bloc's reply to the formation in Western Europe of the Organization for European Economic Co-Operation (oeec 94 95 The Warsaw Pact was a collective defence alliance formed in 1955 among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central match dating prostitusjon i norge i dag and.