was forced to look elsewhere for a civil power to protect. It is as head of the Holy See, not as head of Vatican City State, that the pope receives ambassadors of states and sends them his own diplomatic representatives. Catholic Conference of Kentucky. 315 Scholastic theologians and philosophers such as the Dominican priest Thomas Aquinas studied and taught at these studia. 166 In Western Christianity, particularly Catholicism, the sacrament is called confirmation, because it confirms and strengthens the grace of baptism; in the Eastern Churches, it is called chrismation, because the essential rite is the anointing of the person with chrism, 167 a mixture of olive. 376 Several teachings of the Catholic Church came under increased scrutiny both concurrent with and following the council; among those teachings was the church's teaching regarding the immorality of contraception. Retrieved " Vatican decrees excommunication for participation in 'ordination' of women Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on Retrieved 2 July 1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link ) "Roman Catholic,. 160 Baptism marks a person permanently and cannot be repeated. 270 George Pell, a prelate of the Catholic Church, is a convicted sex offender. "Catholics and Copts Recognize Shared Baptism". Brown also says that it is anachronistic to speak of norsk naken jeg er så våt våt våt Peter in terms of local bishop of Rome, but that Christians of that period would have looked on Peter as having "roles that would contribute in an essential way to the development of the role. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, isbn Marthaler, Berard (1994). Johnston, Jerry Earl (18 February 2006). 240 Geanakoplos, Deno John (1989). 60 The term is an innovation of the cceo to denote the relative autonomy of the Eastern Catholic Churches, 61 who remain in full communion with the Pope, but have governance structures and liturgical traditions separate from that of the Latin Church. Spouses marry so that their love may be fortified to fulfill duties of their state". 136 Further teachings include the doctrines of the Immaculate Conception (her own conception without the stain of original sin) and the Assumption of Mary (that her body was assumed directly into heaven at the end of her life).